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INFORMATION
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The social model of disability


The social model of disability says that disability is caused by the way society is organised, rather than by a person’s impairment or difference. It looks at ways of removing barriers that restrict life choices for disabled people. When barriers are removed, disabled people can be independent and equal in society, with choice and control over their own lives.

Disabled people developed the social model of disability because the traditional medical model did not explain their personal experience of disability or help to develop more inclusive ways of living.

An impairment is defined as long-term limitation of a person’s physical, mental or sensory function.

Changing attitudes to disabled people

Barriers are not just physical. Attitudes found in society based on prejudice or stereotype, or disablism, also disable people from having equal opportunities to be part of society.

Medical model of disability

The social model of disability says that disability is caused by the way society is organised. The medical model of disability says people are disabled by their impairments or differences.

Under the medical model, these impairments or differences should be 'fixed' or changed by medical and other treatments, even when the impairment or difference does not cause pain or illness.

The medical model looks at what is 'wrong' with the person, not what the person needs. It creates low expectations and leads to people losing independence, choice and control in their own lives.

Social model of disability: some examples

·         A wheelchair user wants to get into a building with a step at the entrance. Under a social model solution, a ramp would be added to the entrance so that the wheelchair user is free to go into the building immediately. Using the medical model, there are very few solutions to help wheelchair users to climb stairs, which excludes them from many essential and leisure activities.

·         A teenager with a learning disability wants to live independently in their own home but is unsure how to pay the rent. Under the social model, the person would be supported so that they can pay rent and live in their own home. Under a medical model, the young person might be expected to live in a communal home.

·         A child with a visual impairment wants to read the latest best-selling book, so that they can chat about it with their sighted friends. Under the medical model, there are very few solutions. A social model solution makes full-text audio recordings available when the book is first published. This means children with visual impairments can join in cultural activities with everyone else.

From http://ollibean.com/2014/08/27/whats-the-social-model-of-disability/


07.12.2014

All news:

What is good personal assistance made of?
PA service in Cacak
BIDF meeting
PA Training
Violence against women
Risk of Poverty and Social Exclusion higher twice than EU average!
New CIL local branch
PA Service in Irig
Citizen participation and inclusive decision-making
PA training
Seventh Assembly of CIL Serbia
Training for PAs in 2016
NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF PWDs IN SERBIA
Signed LDAP
About discrimination
International Day of Persons with Disability
PA Service in Belgrade
Study visit to UK Parliament
American Ambassador visited CIL Serbia
Support to civil society organizations in drafting Local Action Plans in area of disability
Terms to Avoid When Writing About Disability
Employment of Persons with Disabilities
Parliamentary Working Group on Disability established
Training for PAs in Velika Plana
Project promotion
Round table in Smederevo
Round tables
Tomorrow Is Too Long to Wait for Inclusion
International Day of PWDs
29 Ways to Describe a Disability to Someone Who Doesn’t Understand It



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