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Regional Conference "Participation of Persons with Disabilities in Politics and Elections",
Balkan Independent Disability Network (BIDF) and the Office of the OSCE More...
Project promotion in Sabac
Official promotion of the project Promotion of the philosophy of independent liv More...
Training for PA in Belgrade
Training for PA in September More...
Partnership - aims and challenges
Within the BIDF regional network More...
Strategic planning
CIL Serbia organised a workshop More...

ENIL’s key definitions on Independent Living

These definitions are intended for use in the development of guidelines, policy and legislation at European Union level, Member State level and local level. They are to give decision makers clear guidance for the design and implementation of disability policy. They have been developed to prevent manipulation and the misuse of our language in the production of counter-productive policy.

The concept of Independent Living (IL)[1] is much older than the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (‘CRPD’) and has surely played a part in the adoption of the CRPD, including Article 19 and all the other articles that make Independent Living a human right. Article 19 covers having the right to choose as to where, with whom and how to live one’s life. This allows for self-determination upon which IL is based.  There is a continuous debate on independence vs. interdependence; ENIL considers that all human beings are interdependent and that the concept of IL does not contravene this. IL does not mean being independent from other persons, but to have the freedom of choice and control over one’s own life and lifestyle.[1] Independent Living derives from the Independent Living-movement that started late 1960s in Berkeley, California as a grassroots movement.

Independent Living (IL):IL is the daily demonstration of human rights based disability policies. IL is possible through the combination of various environmental and individual factors that allow  disabled people to have control over their own lives.  This includes the opportunity to make choices and decisions regarding where to live, with whom to live and how to live. Services must be accessible to all and provided on the basis of equal opportunity, allowing disabled people flexibility in our daily life. IL requires that the built environment and transport are accessible, that there is availability of technical aids, access to personal assistance and/or community-based services. It is necessary to point out that IL is for all disabled persons, no matter the level of support need Personal Assistance (PA):PA is a tool which allows for IL. PA is earmarked cash allocations for disabled people, the purpose of which is to pay for any assistance needed.  PA should be provided on the basis of individual needs assessment depending on the life situation of each individual and in consistency with the domestic labour market. Disabled people must have the right to recruit and manage our assistants and choose the employment model which is most suitable for our needs. PA allocations must cover the salaries of personal assistants and other performance costs, such as all contributions due by the employer, administration costs and peer support for the person who needs assistance. Deinstitutionalisation (DI):DI is a political and social process which provides for the shift from institutional care and other isolating and segregating settings to IL. Effective DI occurs when a person placed in an institution is given the opportunity to become a full citizen and take control of his/her life (if necessary, with support). Essential to the process of DI is the provision of affordable and accessible housing in the community, access to public services, personal assistance, and peer support.   DI is also about preventing institutionalization in the future; ensuring that children are able to grow up with their families and alongside neighbors and friends in the community instead of being segregated in institutional care. Community-based Services (CBS)

Development of CBS requires both a political and social approach and is enshrined in policy measures for making all public services, such as housing, education, transportation, health care and others, available and accessible to disabled people in mainstream settings. CBS refers to the provision of appropriate accommodation to ensure that disabled people can access mainstream services and opportunities and live as equal citizens. CBS eliminate the need for parallel services, such as institutions, special schools, long-term hospitals for health care, para-transit facilities for transport, sheltered jobs etc. Group homes are not IL, nor CBS.

Adopted November 2012 by the ENIL board


All news:

Dear Society, Why Don’t You See Different as Beautiful?
Myths and Facts About People with Disabilities
International Day of Persons with Disabilities, 3 December 2014
EU Delegation in Serbia supported the increasing of political participation of persons with disabilities and the impact on policy development in Serbia
National Conference
Accredited Program of Education for Personal Assistants working in five cities in Serbia
CIL Serbia held its Presidency and the Assembly meetings
Jointly forces for economic and political empowerment of persons with disability
With joint forces of political and economic empowerment of persons with disabilities
"Public sector for all citizens"
Combining the strengths: Jointly for political and economic empowerment of persons with disabilities - EIDHR
Combining the strengths: Jointly for political and economic empowerment of persons with disabilities - EIDHR
Combining the strengths: Jointly for political and economic empowerment of persons with disabilities - EIDHR
"Walk of Shame on 5 May" - Save the date
Autism Awareness
Donation of natural supplements
PROUD OF WHAT WE DO IN PAST 10 YEARS ( and a few more)
Establishing an informal parliamentary group for improving the status, position and quality of life of persons with disabilities ( PWDs Group )
International Day of persons with disability marked in Serbian National Assembly
Advocacy and local support networks building
Workshop on social enterpreneurship
Stop Saying 'Wheelchair-Bound' And Other Outdated And Offensive Terms To People With Disabilities
International Day of Persons with Disabilities, 3 December 2013
Voice for equality
A life of dignity for all: accelerating progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and advancing the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015
Sustainable support services for PWDs in Serbia
Accessibility as a human right
Regional Balkan network of DPOs
By laws
State of the World's Children
Process of adoption of the Law on Personal Assistance in Slovenia
Every child needs a teacher
Hall of Fame: Gordana Rajkov, CIL Serbia
Round tables
ENIL’s key definitions on Independent Living
The Projected Image: A History of Disability in Film
Breaking boundaries
HUMAN RIGHTS DAY - 10 December 2012
Rio +20
Education for Personal Assistants
Recognize how your stories influence your experience
Fair of Civil Society Organisations
Europe 2020 Strategy
International Day of Persons with Disabilities, 3 December 2012
Seven Reasons to Attend a Job Fair

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